Constitutional Watch

If South Africans could choose their next president….

Crowd favourite?
Cyril.jpg

The clear majority of South Africans would like a system where the people choose the president rather than have party members doing so.

This is the finding of the just released futurefact survey 2017 at a time when much of public attention is focused on the upcoming African National Congress elective conference which will elect its candidate for president of the country in the 2019 general election.

Established in 1998, the futurefact survey has been reporting on our rapidly changing society for nearly 20 years. The latest national survey is based on 3000 individuals, only excluding rural communities of fewer than 500 individuals. It focuses on the 18+ age sector – where the voting power lies.

Pertinent to the current preoccupation on who the ANC members will select for their next president is an interesting adjunct to that question: if it was up to them, who would the South African public choose?

Without doubt and consistent with previous years, the vast majority of South Africans would like a system where the people choose the president rather than have party members doing so (82% agree a lot, 11% a little).

Cyril Ramaphosa favoured

And, in 2017 the preferred candidate for president has hardened in favour of Cyril Ramaphosa who was selected by twice as many as those who chose Nkosasana Dlamini-Zuma (27% vs 13%), whereas a year ago they were neck and neck at 22% each.

But, there are also substantial numbers who say ‘none of the proposed candidates’ (from a list of 8 that we provided), or else don’t know. It is possible that the 21% ‘don’t knows’ are so-called swing voters – and could be convinced one way or another.

This picture holds whether we interrogate the better educated against the less well educated or under 35-year olds compared with the over 35’s. The gap narrows slightly if we look at the different genders for the country as a whole, but not substantially so, with females being slightly more likely to choose the female candidate, but not so that it would unseat the Ramaphosa lead.

If we dig deeper into the characteristics of the various ‘voters’, we find that all provinces other than KZN would prefer Ramaphosa as their president. An aggregation of the provinces other than KZN reveals 27% in favour of Ramaphosa and only 9% in favour of Dlamini-Zuma whereas in KZN it is 32% for Dlamini-Zuma vs 22% for Ramaphosa.

Interestingly though, it is black African women in KZN who are swaying the vote in favour of a female presidential candidate whereas if it was left to the men, Ramaphosa would lead slightly (27% vs 24%) even in KZN.

Disillusionment

None of the other prospective ANC candidates that we listed (Mbete, Sisulu, Phosa, Mantashe) had any noteworthy degree of support in any province or with any sectors.

Nor for that matter, was there significant support for party leaders Maimane and Malema except with their core bases, though there were still a fair number of ‘don’t know’ and ‘none,’ even among their base of supporters.

This is also interesting in view of the party-political stage where there is evidence of a destabilisation of the ANC. It is probably reflective of the degree of disillusionment with politicians in general that those whose bonds are loosening with the ANC as a party do not generally appear to be finding an alternative political home in either the DA or the EFF.

In view though of the exponential decline in trust and confidence in Jacob Zuma it is possible that the ANC’s supporter base may strengthen prior to the next election should Ramaphosa win the presidential nomination. Perhaps future futurefact surveys will confirm that but time will tell….

                                                                                                                                       by Jos Kuper

(This article was first publisher on politicsweb.)

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